Current affairs 10 December

1. Indian Navy celebrated 8th December as Submarine Day.  भारतीय नौसेना ने 8 दिसंबर को पनडुब्बी दिवस के रूप में मनाया ।  2. 1st International Conference on Sustainable Water Management has been started at Mohali.  टिकाऊ जल प्रबंधन पर पहला अंतरराष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन मोहाली में शुरू हुआ है।  3. Regional Conference on ‘Good Governance- Focus on Aspirational Districts’ has been started in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.  ‘सुशासन-आकांक्षापूर्ण जिलों पर फोकस’ पर एक क्षेत्रीय सम्मेलन केरल के तिरुवनंतपुरम में शुरू हुआ है। 4. Rishab Mehta of United Riders Barn became the champion of the Federation Equestrian International’s (FEI) World Jumping Challenge.  यूनाइटेड राइडर्स बार्न टीम के ऋषभ मेहता अंतरराष्ट्रीय घुड़सवारी महासंघ (एफईआई) के अंतर्गत हुई ‘वर्ल्ड जम्पिंग चैलेंज’ प्रतियोगिता के विजेता बने।  5. Indian Coast Guard has conducted the Regional Level Marine Oil Pollution Response Exercise ‘Clean Sea – 2018’ at Port Blair.  इंडियन कोस्ट गार्ड ने पोर्ट ब्लेयर में क्षेत्रीय स्तर के समुद्री तेल प्रदूषण प्रतिक्रिया अभ्यास ‘क्लीन समुद्र-2018’ का आयोजन किया है।  6. The capacity-constrained Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (CSMIA) handled a record 1,007 aircraft movements in a day, bettering its earlier record of 1,003 flight movements in 24-hours in June this year.  छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज अंतरराष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डे (सीएसएमआईए) ने बड़ी संख्या में विमानों के आगमन-प्रस्थान का प्रबंध के मामले में एक और उपलब्धि अपने नाम दर्ज और एक दिन में 1,007 उड़ानों की आवाजाही संभालने का नया रिकॉर्ड बना। 7. The Gulf Cooperation Council’s leaders’ meeting was held in Saudi Arabia.  सऊदी अरब ने खाड़ी के नेताओं के सम्मेलन की मेजबानी की।  8. The day of December 10 is celebrated as ‘International Human Rights Day’.  10 दिसम्बर के दिन को ‘अंतरराष्ट्रीय मानवाधिकार दिवस’ के तौर पर मनाया जाता है।

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Vocab 10 December

1. PUSILLANIMOUS (ADJECTIVE): (कायर): fearful

Synonyms: afraid, cowardly

Antonyms: bold, brave

Example sentence: 

The authorities are too pusillanimous to deal with this situation. 

2. PETULANT (ADJECTIVE): (ढीठ):crabby

Synonyms: impatient, cranky

Antonyms: patient, good-natured

Example sentence: 

I was sick and petulant, and finally quarrelled with my friend. 


3. ABSENTEEISM (NOUN): (अनुपस्थिति):habitual absence from work.

Synonyms: truancy, emptiness

Antonyms: presence, witness

Example Sentence:

Absenteeism is not welcomed in private jobs.

4. PROCLIVITY (NOUN): (प्रवृत्ति):inclination

Synonyms: penchant, predilection

Antonyms: disinclination, antipathy

Example sentence: 

The principal had the special proclivity towards the toppers.

5. SKULLDUGGERY (NOUN): (फरेब):tricky behaviour

Synonyms: chicanery, crafty 

Antonyms: probity, modesty

Example Sentence:

He always knew about his brother’s skullduggery towards others.

6. QUASH (VERB): (समाप्त करना):cancel

Synonyms: revoke, abrogate 

Antonyms: permit, authorize

Example Sentence: 

For no reasons her job offer letter was quashed.

7. TYRO (NOUN): (नवशिक्षित):beginner

Synonyms: novice, learner 

Antonyms: expert, veteran

Example Sentence:

You may be a tyro at golf now, but with time and practice, you will master the sport.

8. PUTATIVE (ADJECTIVE): (कल्पित):presumed

Synonyms: presumptive, supposed

Antonyms: proven, real

Example sentence: 

Many people see garlic juice as a putative cure of runny noses.

9. WEARABLE (ADJECTIVE): (पहनने योग्य):(especially of clothing) easy to wear.

Synonyms: suitable, appropriate

Antonyms: not suitable, unfavorable

Example Sentence: 

Are these clothes wearable for the party?

10. PIQUE (NOUN): (नाराज़ी):anger

Synonyms: annoyance, displeasure

Antonyms: delight, happiness

Example sentence: 

Alisha walked out of the room in a fit of pique

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Current affairs 4 December

1. Former Lok Sabha MP of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) from Maharashtra Dr Gunvantrao Sarode died. He was 78.

महाराष्ट्र से भाजपा के पूर्व लोकसभा सदस्य डॉ गुणवंतराव सरोदे का निधन हो गया। वह 78 वर्ष के थे।

2. Delhi Environment minister Imran Hussain has been awarded with the ‘Hero to Animals Award’ for banning Chinese manja – glass-coated kite strings – throughout the national capital, animal rights body PETA.

दिल्ली के पर्यावरण मंत्री इमरान हुसैन को समूची राष्ट्रीय राजधानी में चीनी मांझा प्रतिबंधित करने के लिए पशु अधिकार निकाय पेटा ने ‘हीरो टू एनिमल्स अवॉर्ड’ से पुरस्कृत किया है।

3. Vinesh Phogat has won the Gold Medal in the 57 Kilogram category in Tata Motors Senior National Championship at Gonda, Uttar Pradesh.

विनेश फोगाट ने उत्तर प्रदेश के गोंडा में टाटा मोटर्स सीनियर नेशनल चैम्पियनशिप में 57 किलोग्राम श्रेणी में स्वर्ण पदक जीता है।

4. India will host the annual G20 summit in 2022.

भारत 2022 में वार्षिक जी-20 शिखर सम्मेलन की मेजबानी करेगा।

5. State-owned Bank of Maharashtra has appointed A S Rajeev as its Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer.

सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के बैंक आफ महाराष्ट्र (बीओएम) ने ए एस राजीव को अपना प्रबंध निदेशक एवं मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी (सीईओ) नियुक्त किया।

6. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has approved merger of SBM (Mauritius), India with SBM Bank (India).

भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक (आरबीआई) ने एसबीएम बैंक (इंडिया) के साथ एसबीएम (मॉरीशस), इंडिया के विलय को मंजूरी दे दी है।

7. State-owned hydro power giant NHPC has entered into agreement with the country’s largest lender State Bank of India for a term-loan of Rs 500 crore.

सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र की जल विद्युत कंपनी एनएचपीसी लिमिटेड ने 500 करोड़ रुपये के सावधि कर्ज के लिये भारतीय स्टेट बैंक के साथ समझौता किया है।

8. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has been sworn in as President of the Mexico.

एंड्रेस मैनुअल लोपेज ओब्राडोर ने मेक्सिको के राष्ट्रपति के रूप में शपथ ली।

9. Salome Zurabishvili has been elected as the first woman president of Georgia.

सलोमे जुराबिशविली को जॉर्जिया की पहली महिला राष्ट्रपति के रूप में चुना गया है।

10. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa will be a chief guest at the Republic Day.

दक्षिण अफ्रीका के राष्ट्रपति सिरिल रामफोसा गणतंत्र दिवस पर मुख्य अतिथि होंगे ।

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Vocab 4 December

1. INDICT (VERB): accuse:(दोष लगाना)

Synonyms: charge, impeach

Antonyms: absolve, acquit

Example sentence:

He was later indicted on corruption charges.

2. SUCCINCT (ADJECTIVE): brief:(संक्षिप्त)

Synonyms: terse, concise

Antonyms: lengthy, wordy

Example sentence:

She admitted that the ideal summary is succinct and to the point.

3. INTACT (ADJECTIVE):undamaged:(अविकल)

Synonyms: flawless, unharmed

Antonyms: flawed, harmed

Example sentence:

The Council needs to remain intact.

4. ABATE (VERB): decrease:(घटाना)

Synonyms: lessen, diminish

Antonyms: extend, expand

Example sentence:

As the storm abates you can leave.

5. RUMMAGE (VERB): ransack:(खोजना)

Synonyms: forage, scour

Antonyms: organize, systematize

Example sentence:

Let Sagar rummage around inside it and find all those treasures himself.

6. ENTENTE (NOUN): agreement:(सन्धि)

Synonyms: accord, deal

Antonyms: misunderstanding, disagreement

Example sentence:

They favoured an Anglo-French entente.

7. EDACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): voracious:(पेटू)

Synonyms: devouring, esurient

Antonyms: quenched, satisfied

Example sentence:

Since I am a edacious reader, I often read two or three books a day.

8. CHAGRIN (NOUN): strong feeling of embarrassment:(सकपकाहट)

Synonyms: humiliation, mortification

Antonyms: happiness, satisfaction

Example sentence:

To her chagrin, the party ended just as she arrived.

9. CONSECRATE (VERB): hold in high religious regard:(प्रतिष्ठित करना)

Synonyms: sanctify, ordain

Antonyms: condemn, desecrate

Example sentence:

The priests will consecrate the temple as a house of worship.

10. DASTARDLY (ADJECTIVE): contemptible:(नीच)

Synonyms: despicable, underhanded

Antonyms: honourable, respectable

Example sentence:

I describe the killing as a dastardly act.

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Vocab 1 December

1.COUNTENANCE (VERB): to have a favorable opinion of:(अनुग्रह)

Synonyms: approve, favor

Antonyms: censure, disapprove

Example Sentence:

Our management will not countenance cheating.

2. DIVERS (ADJECTIVE): several:(विविध)

Synonyms: various, manifold

Antonyms: identical, same

Example Sentence:

Divers men have tried to bring about social reforms.

3. HEARTSORE (ADJECTIVE):devastated:(निराश)

Synonyms: crestfallen, despairing

Antonyms: happy, pleased

Example Sentence:

I feel heartsore for the poor lady.

4. DERISIVE (ADJECTIVE):ridiculing:(उपहासपूर्ण)

Synonyms: disdainful, scornful

Antonyms: polite, respectful

Example Sentence:

Sandeep gave a harsh, derisive laugh.

5. GLOAMING (NOUN):sunset:(गोधूलि)

Synonyms: sundown, twilight

Antonyms: daybreak, sunrise

Example Sentence:

Many lights are shimmering in the gloaming.

6. DISINTERESTED (ADJECTIVE):free from prejudice:(पक्षपातरहित)

Synonyms: unselfish, neutral

Antonyms: biased, partial

Example Sentence:

A great leader renders disinterested services to his society.

7. PILFER (VERB):steal:(चुराना)

Synonyms: filch, purloin

Antonyms: give, offer

Example Sentence:

Rahman pilfered enough pieces of wood from the factory to make a chair.

8. ESTRANGEMENT (NOUN):alienation:(अलगाव)

Synonyms: disaffection, separation

Antonyms: connection, friendliness

Example Sentence:

The growing estrangement between me and my relative is awful.

9. RAUCOUS (ADJECTIVE):noisy:(कर्कश)

Synonyms: discordant, loud

Antonyms: low, mild

Example Sentence:

The atmosphere was utterly raucous.

10. VIVID (ADJECTIVE):animated:(जीवंत)

Synonyms: theatrical, dramatic

Antonyms: boring, undramatic

Example Sentence:

The movie was very vivid.

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