Current affairs 11 November

Former IAS officer Ashok Kumar Gupta has been appointed as the chairperson of the Competition Commission of India (CCI).

पूर्व आईएएस अधिकारी अशोक कुमार गुप्ता को भारतीय प्रतिस्पर्धा आयोग (सीसीआई) का चेयरपर्सन नियुक्त किया गया है।

2. Jawahar Lal Sarin, president of the Alliance franaise de Delhi’s governing body, was presented with the Chevalier de la Lgion d’Honneur , France’s highest civilian honour.

दिल्ली की संचालन निकाय एलायंस फ्रांसिस डि डेल्ही की संचालन निकाय के अध्यक्ष जवाहर लाल सरीन को फ्रांस के सर्वोच्च नागरिक सम्मान ‘शेवेलियर डे ला लेजन डी’ऑनर’ से सम्मानित किया गया।

3. Defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman inducted three major artillery gun systems, including the M777 American Ultra-Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, into the Army. The third gun system inducted is the ‘Composite Gun Towing Vehicle’.

रक्षा मंत्री निर्मला सीतारमण ने थलसेना में तीन प्रमुख तोप प्रणालियों को शामिल किया जिनमें ‘एम777 अमेरिकन अल्ट्रा लाइट होवित्जर’ और ‘के-9 वज्र’ शामिल हैं। थलसेना में शामिल की गई तीसरी तोप प्रणाली ‘कॉम्पोजिट गन टोइंग व्हीकल’ है।

4. Restoration of an aristocratic house from a state of partial ruin in Ladakh has won a UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for conservation.

लद्दाख में आंशिक रूप से क्षतिग्रस्त एक वैभवशाली इमारत के मरम्मत कार्य के संरक्षण कार्य को यूनेस्को एशिया पैसिफिक अवार्ड मिला है।

5. Thai businessman Chatchaval Jiaravanon agreed to buy Fortune magazine for USD 150 million in the latest deal for titles from the former Time Inc family.

थाईलैंड के उद्योगपति सी जिरावानोन टाइम्स इंक समूह की पत्रिका फॉर्च्यून को 15 करोड़ डॉलर में खरीदने पर सहमत हुए हैं।

6. Teen shooting sensations Manu Bhaker and Saurabh Chaudhary shattered the junior world record on their way to winning the 10m air pistol mixed team gold medal in the 11th Asian Airgun Championships.

युवा निशानेबाज मनु भाकर और सौरभ चौधरी की जोड़ी ने 11वीं एशियाई एयरगन चैंपियनशिप के दस मीटर एयर पिस्टल मिश्रित टीम स्पर्धा में नये जूनियर विश्व रिकार्ड के साथ स्वर्ण पदक जीता।

7. Noted Marathi actor and theatre personality Lalan Sarang died. She was 79.

प्रसिद्ध मराठी अभिनेत्री एवं थियेटर कलाकार लालन सारंग का निधन हो गया। वह 79 वर्ष की थीं।

8. Indian American businessman Harry Singh Sidhu has been elected as mayor of Anaheim, one of the largest cities in the state of California.

भारतीय-अमेरिकी कारोबारी हैरी सिंह सिद्धू कैलिफोर्निया राज्य के बड़े शहरों में एक अनाहिम के मेयर निर्वाचित हुए हैं

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Vocab 11 November

ODIUM (NOUN): (घिनौना) loathing

Synonyms: abhorrence, disgust

Antonyms: affection, liking

Example Sentence:

After getting out of prison, the child molester still had to deal with odium from his neighbors.

2. METTLE (NOUN): (दिलेरी) boldness

Synonyms: fortitude, spunk

Antonyms: timidity, cowardice

Example Sentence:

The team showed their true mettle in the second half.

3. PELT (VERB): (वेग से फ़ेकना) hurl

Synonyms: bombard, pound

Antonyms: block, catch

Example Sentence:

He pelted stones at the strangers.

4. SUPERVENE (VERB): (पीछे आना) Follow

Synonyms: pursue, supersede

Antonyms: retreat, precede

Example Sentence:

Team members supervene their leaders.

5. CONSTRICT (VERB): (जकड़ना/कसना) inhibit

Synonyms: circumscribe, astringe

Antonyms: loosen, liberate

Example Sentence:

They constricted our rights because we were doing what’s correct.

6. CIVIL (ADJECTIVE): (सभ्य) gentle

Synonyms: cordial, courteous

Antonyms: unmannerly, impolite

Example Sentence:

They were comparatively civil to their son.

7. INTROSPECTIVE (ADJECTIVE): (अंतदर्शनात्मक) thoughtful

Synonyms: reflective, insightful

Antonyms: unthoughtful, stupid

Example Sentence:

They have to select the most introspective methods to complete the task.

8. MOUSY (ADJECTIVE): (विनीत/संकोची) drab, quiet

Synonyms: bashful, dull

Antonyms: extroverted, fancy

Example Sentence:

Everything you need to know but have been too mousy to ask.

9. SHAMBLES (NOUN): (अव्यवस्था) a mess

Synonyms: disarray, chaos

Antonyms: harmony, order

Example Sentence:

Snow caused shambles in the region.

10. UBIQUITOUS (ADJECTIVE): (विश्वव्यापी) universal

Synonyms: pervasive, omnipresent

Antonyms: scarce, rare

Example Sentence:

If the ubiquitous red tape is annoying, other local customs are downright strange.

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Vocab 10 November

OPPRESSION (NOUN): (उत्पीड़न) misery

Synonyms: despotism, maltreatment

Antonyms: kindness, affection

Example Sentence:

Pakistan is nation that is known for its oppression.

2. DRACONIAN (ADJECTIVE): (कठोर) Harsh

Synonyms: cruel, oppressive

Antonyms: easy, gentle

Example Sentence:

Your master is a draconian man.

3. DAWDLE (VERB): (समय नष्ट करना) Waste time

Synonyms: loiter, procrastinate

Antonyms: hasten, hurry

Example Sentence:

The teacher warned the student that he will be punished if he dawdled again.

4. JADED (ADJECTIVE): (क्षीण/थका) exhausted

Synonyms: bored, tired

Antonyms: lively, energize

Example Sentence:

The participants were so jaded from the task that they didn’t even bother to wait for the results.

5. NOXIOUS (ADJECTIVE): (हानिकारक) Deadly, injurious

Synonyms: destructive, harmful

Antonyms: helpful, kind

Example Sentence:

This is a noxious chemical.

6. PERSPICACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): (तीक्ष्ण-बुद्धि) Observant, perceptive

Synonyms: alert, aware

Antonyms: ignorant, unobservant

Example Sentence:

The CDI officers are always perspicacious with their case.

7. FERVENT (ADJECTIVE): (उत्साही) Enthusiastic

Synonyms: zealous, ardent

Antonyms: apathetic, dull

Example Sentence:

He is a fervent child.

8. FITFUL (ADJECTIVE): (चंचल) Spasmodic

Synonyms: intermittent, fluctuating

Antonyms: continuous, perpetual

Example Sentence:

As long as his breathing is fitful, he will continue to need an oxygen machine.

9. FLOUT (VERB): (अवज्ञा करना) Show contempt for

Synonyms: defy, disregard

Antonyms: honour, praise

Example Sentence:

One should not flout the traffic rules.

10. FEASIBLE (ADJECTIVE): (व्यवहार्य) Practicable

Synonyms: possible, doable

Antonyms: impossible, implausible

Example Sentence:

This seems to be a feasible solution.

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Vocab 9 November

SNITCH (VERB): (प्रकट करना) reveal

Synonyms: divulge, evince

Antonyms: conceal, suppress

Example Sentence:

Today Akshima is going to snitch her secret.

2. HUSTLER (NOUN): (अपराधी व्यक्ति) criminal

Synonyms: desperado, felon

Antonyms: police, law

Example Sentence:

He is the denounced hustler of this locality.

3. ASTRAY (ADVERB): (गुमराह, भूला-भटका) afield

Synonyms: adrift, off target

Antonyms: stable, anchored

Example Sentence:

The gunman claimed that the shots had gone astray.

4. DESPOTISM (NOUN): (तानाशाही) absolute power

Synonyms: autocracy, dictatorship

Antonyms: democracy, equalitarianism

Example Sentence:

After their generations living under despotism, citizens were happy to see a kind emperor.

5. HOODWINK (VERB): (छलना) to deceive someone

Synonyms: mislead, swindle

Antonyms: support, safeguard

Example Sentence:

Insurance deals often hoodwink customers by making hollow promises.

6. DAINTY (ADJECTIVE): (सूक्ष्म) delicately small and pretty

Synonyms: petite, cute

Antonyms: ugly, repulsive

Example Sentence:

The puppy’s dainty nose looked very cute, convincing everybody’s to love it.

7. ABLUTION (NOUN): (स्नान, मज्जन) the act of washing

Synonyms: cleansing, decontamination

Antonyms: contamination, pollution

Example Sentence:

Mina performed the ablution of the wound and applied some disinfectant to avoid further infection.

8. AMBLE (VERB): (टहलना) to walk casually

Synonyms: stroll, wander

Antonyms: rush, dash

Example Sentence:

Rashmi rather ambled through the halls than attend the session.

9. COVET (VERB): (ललचाना) to greatly desire something you lack

Synonyms: crave, fancy to

Antonyms: abjure, hate

Example Sentence:

Vikram tends to covet quality time with his family.

10. RECONNOITER (VERB): (खोजना) to survey a place or situation for planning purposes

Synonyms: inspect, examine

Antonyms: ignore, overlook

Example Sentence:

One should constantly reconnoiter one’s enemy’s movements.

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