english tricks

Q.1-10. Read each sentence to find out if there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5).

Q.1. The RBI has found (1)/ any evidence that suggests (2)/ money laundering by banks (3)/ in its investigation (4)/ No error (5)

Q.2. The official said the regulator(1)/ had decided to act tough with chit fund defaulters(2)/ and has passed similar orders earlier (3)/ banning four companies from raising money(4)/ No error(5)

Q.3. Touted as one of the successful scheme (1)/ for raising rural incomes (2)/ the UPA government’s MGNREGA scheme (3)/ has drawn flak for inadequate funding in poor states (4)/ No error (5)

Q.4. The very high level of investment rate (1)/ that we have even now gives us the hope (2)/ that if we took action (3)/ we can achieve higher rate of growth (4)/ No error (5)

Q.5. Except for the (1)/ two centrally sponsored schemes of MGNREGA and Backward regions Grant fund (2)/ none of the 150 CSS adequately provide (3)/ a role for panchayati raj institutions (4)/ No error (5)

Q.6-10. Which of the Phrases (1), (2) (3) and (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrases printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct as it is given and no correction is required, mark (5) as the answer.

Q.6. The Council strongly urged the government to expedite clearances for infrastructure through the new created cabinet committee.

(1) new created cabines

(2) newly created cabinets

(3) newly created cabinet

(4) new and created cabinet

(5) No correction required.

Q.7. The principal problem affecting growth is the issue of clearances that has stalled projects and undermined conditions for investment.

(1) that have stalled

(2) that had stalling

(3) which had stalled

(4) that have stall

(5) No correction required

Q.8. The CAG audit revealed that people are not able to fully exercise their rights from the employment scheme.

(1) to exercise full

(2) to full exercise

(3) for fully exercising

(4) to exercise at the fullest

(5) No correction required

Q.9. Cognizant who has major presence in India, has joined a slew of companies to enhance the US competitiveness.

(1) that has

(2) which has

(3) which had

(4) that have

(5) No correction required

Q.60. The agreement aims to bring together the strengths of Airtel and offers benefits to customers.

(1) offering benefits to

(2) offered benefits to

(3) has offers and benefits

(4) offer benefits

(5) No correction required

Answer:

Q.1.(2) Replace any with some. Any is used in a negative or interrogative sentence.
Q.2.(3) Write had in place of has. The sentence needs to be written in past perfect tense.
Q.3.(1) Use schemes instead of scheme. One of is followed by a plural noun/pronoun.
Q.4.(3) Replace took with take. The sentence is in present tense so the verb used here should be in
the present tense.
Q.5.(5) No error.
Q.6.(3) Newly is an adverb that is used here to describe created.
Q.7.(1) use have instead of has because verb follows the antecedent of relative pronoun.
Q.8.(5)
Q.9.(2) Which is used to refer to animals, things and nouns like companies, government etc. Cognizant
is a company so which is appropriate to be used here.
Q.10.(4) Offer benefits. To is used with the first form of verb without adding s/es.

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Use Of Ought To

Ought का अर्थ चाहिए होता है और इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Uses of Ought are given below:

(a) कर्तव्य या नैतिक अनिवार्यता (For Duty or Moral Obligation) के लिए :
1. हमें अपने माता-पिता की आज्ञा का पालन करना चहिए ।
We ought to obey our parents.
2. हमें अपना कर्तव्य करना चाहिए ।
We ought to do our duty.

(b) Negative Sentences में ‘Ought not’ का प्रयोग करते हैं ।
1. तुम्हें बहुत ज्यादा सिगरेट नहीं पीनी चाहिए ।
You ought not smoke so much.
2. तुम्हें यात्रा करते हुए इतना सारा नकद नहीं रखना चाहिए ।
You ought not carry so much money while travelling.

(c) Past Tense में कर्तव्य के लिए ‘Ought to have’ का प्रयोग करते है । (Example 1)
परन्तु Reported Speech में ‘Ought to’ नहीं बदलता है । (Example 2) 
1. तुम्हें कल घर चले जाना चाहिए था ।
You ought to have gone to home yesterday.
2. अशोक ने कहा कि उसे चले जाना चाहिए था ।
Ashok said that he ought to go.

(d) अध्ययन पर आधारित विश्वास के लिए (For belief based on study) :
1. तुम्हारी माँ बहुत सालों से विद्यालय में पढ़ा रही है । वो तो अच्छी अध्यापिका होगी ।
Your mother has been teaching in school for many years. She ought to be a good teacher.

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Use Of Must

Must का अर्थ चाहिए होता है और इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Uses of Must are given below:

(a) आवश्यकता या अनिवार्यता (For Necessity or Obligation) के लिए :
1. तुम्हें अभी अवश्य जाना चाहिए ।
You must go now.
2.छात्रों को सुबह जल्दी अवश्य उठना चाहिए ।
Students must wake up early in the morning.
3. छात्रों को अपनी पुस्तकें परीक्षा भवन के बाहर ही छोड़ देनी चाहिए ।
Students must leave their books outside examination hall.

(b) कल्पना (For Assumption) के लिए :
1. वह अवश्य ही गरीब होगा ।
He must be poor.
2. वह अवश्य ही बीस वर्ष की होगी ।
She must be twenty now.

(c) निषेध (For Prohibition) के लिए :
1. तुम्हें यहाँ खाना नहीं खाना चाहिए ।
You must not eat here.
2. छात्रों को पुस्तकालय में बातें नहीं करनी चाहिए ।
Students must not talk inside library.
3. छात्रों को अध्यापकों की अनुमति के बिना विद्यालय नहीं छोड़ना चाहिए ।
Students must not leave the school without permission of the teachers.
4. तुम्हें इस प्रकार का व्यवहार किसी से भी नहीं करना चाहिए ।
You must not behave like this with anyone.

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Use Of Should

Use of ‘Should’
Should का अर्थ चाहिए होता है और इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Uses of Should are given below:

(a) Indirect Speech में shall के past tense के लिए :
1. मैंने कहा कि मैं इस काम को पाँच दिनों में करुँगी ।
I said, “I shall do this work in five days.”
I said that I should do this work in five days.

(b) सलाह या सुझाव (For Advice or Suggestion) के लिए :
1. हमें झूठ नहीं बोलना चाहिए ।
We should not tell a lie.
2. तुम्हें अपना कार्य समय से पूर्ण करना चाहिए ।
You should complete your work timely.

(c) कर्तव्य या कर्म (For Obligation or Deed) के लिए :
1. हमें अपने बड़ो का आदर करना चाहिए ।
We should respect our elders.
2. हमें अपनी मातृभूमि से प्रेम करना चाहिए ।
We should love our motherland.

(d) उद्देश्य (For Purpose) के लिए :
1. मेहनत करो कहीं ऐसा न हो कि तुम परीक्षा में अनुत्तीर्ण(असफल) हो जाओ ।
Work hard lest you should fail in the examination.

(e) शर्त (For bet) के लिए :
1. यदि आज वर्षा हुई तो कोई काम नहीं होगा ।
Should it rain today, there will be no work at all.

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Use Of May, Might, Can And Could

May का अर्थ सकना होता है और इसका प्रयोग Present Tense में होता है । इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
May is used in Present Tense and uses of May are given below:

(a) अनुमति (Permission) के लिए :
1. क्या मैं अन्दर आ सकता हुँ ?
May I come in ?
2. क्या हम कल मिल सकते हैं ?
Can we meet tomorrow ?
(b) सम्भावना (Possibility) के लिए :
1. वह आज आ सकती है ।
She may come today.
2. आज वर्षा हो सकती है ।
It may rain today.
(c) शुभकामना (Wish) के लिए :
1. भगवान तुम्हारे पति की रक्षा करे !
May God protect your husband !
2. ईश्वर तुमको सफलता प्रदान करे !
May God grant you success !

(d) उद्देश्य (Purpose) या शर्त वाले वाक्यों (Conditional Sentences) में so that के साथ Present Tense में :
1. मैं परिश्रम करता हुँ ताकि मैं अपनी जीविका कमा सकू ।
I work so that I may earn my livelihood.
2. वह कठिन परिश्रम करती है ताकि परीक्षा में अच्छे अंक ला सके ।
She works hard so that she may get good marks in the exam.

Use of ‘Might’
यह May का Past Tense है इसका अर्थ ‘सका’, ‘सका था’ होता है और इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Might is a Past Tense of May and uses of might are given below :

(a) अनुमति (Permission) के लिए :
1. He asked if he might meet her the next day.
2. She told me that I might use her car.
(b) सम्भावना (Possibility) के लिए :
1. The teacher told us that she might see our home-work. (Past Possibility)
2. Robert is very weak student. He might fail in the exam. (Future Possibility)
(c) उद्देश्य (Purpose) के लिए :
1. She took medicine so that she might get well.
2. He studied hard so that he might get good marks.

Use of ‘Can’

Can का अर्थ सकना होता है, और इसका प्रयोग Present Tense में होता है । इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Can is used in Present Tense and uses of Can are given below :
(a) शक्ति या सामर्थ्य (Power or Ability) के लिए :
1. वह अच्छी तरह अंग्रेज़ी भाषा बोल सकती है ।
She can speak English language well.
2. वह आसानी से भारी सामान उठा सकता है ।
He can easily lift heavy weight.
(b) अनुमति (Permission) के लिए :
1. तुम अब इस काम को छोड़ सकती हो ।
Now you can leave this work.
2. तुम अब घर जा सकती हो ।
You can go home now.
(c) निषेध (Prohibition) के लिए :
1. तुम यहाँ पर नहीं सो सकते ।
You cannot sleep here.
2. मैं उस पर अब अधिक विश्वास नहीं कर सकती ।
I cannot believe upon her any more.
Use of ‘Could’
यह Can का Past Tense है, इसका अर्थ ‘सका’, ‘सका था’ होता है और इसके प्रयोग निम्नलिखित हैं :
Could is a Past Tense of Can and uses of could are given below :
(a) शक्ति या सामर्थ्य (Power or Ability) के लिए :
1. When she was young, she could understand French.
2. I was sorry that I could not come to your birthday party.
3. She could not pass the entrance exam test.
4. She could have caught the bus if she had hurried. (Past Possibility)
(b)  विनम्र निवेदन (Polite Request in the Present Tense) :
1. Could you lend me some money for two days ?
2. Could I use your pen for a minute ?
3. Could I walk with you, please ?
4. Could you give me your water bottle, please ?

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