Current affairs 6 November

India announced that it would extend a USD 310 million loan to Zimbabwe to finance a rehabilitation project for a thermal power plant that would entail upgrading the station and extending its lifespan.

भारत ने जिम्बाब्वे को एक बिजली संयंत्र की पुनर्वास परियोजना (पूरी तरह से चालू हालत में लाने) के लिये 31 करोड़ डॉलर का ऋण देने की घोषणा की। इसका इस्तेमाल संयंत्र के उन्नतिकरण और उसके जीवनचक्र को बढ़ाने में होगा।

2. The prestigious IPI India Award for excellence in journalism has been given to Namrata Biji Ahuja of ‘The Week’ magazine this year.

‘��� वीक’ पत्रिका की वरिष्ठ पत्रकार नम्रता बिजी आहूजा को इस साल के इंटरनेशनल प्रेस इंस्टीट्यूट-इंडिया (आईपीआई-इंडिया) अवॉर्ड के लिए चुना गया है।

3. Vice Admiral (retired) M P Avati, who commanded a naval unit of East Fleet (Eastern Fleet) in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, passed away. He was 91.

साल 1971 के भारत-पाकिस्तान युद्ध में पूर्वी बेड़े (ईस्टर्न फ्लीट) की एक नौसैनिक इकाई की कमान संभालने वाले वाइस एडमिरल (अवकाशप्राप्त) एम पी अवती का निधन हो गया। वह 91 वर्ष के थे।

4. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal inaugurated the Signature Bridge over the Yamuna in the national capital Delhi.

दिल्ली के मुख्यमंत्री अरविन्द केजरीवाल ने राजधानी दिल्ली में यमुना नदी पर नवनिर्मित सिग्नेचर ब्रिज का उद्घाटन किया।

5. Russia’s Karen Khachanov clinched the biggest win of his career with a 7-5, 6-4 upset of Novak Djokovic to claim the Paris Masters title.

रूस के कैरेन खाचानोव ने रविवार को नोवाक जोकोविच को 7-5 6-4 से हराकर उलटफेर करते हुए पेरिस मास्टर्स टेनिस टूर्नामेंट का खिताब अपने नाम किया।

6. Industrialist Mukesh Ambani is keen on the e-governance space and has set up a subsidiary company in the Northwestern European nation Estonia to get a grip on the solutions.

उद्योगपति मुकेश अंबानी ने उत्तर-पश्चिमी यूरोपीय देश एस्तोनिया में एक संयुक्त कंपनी बनायी है जो इंटरनेट के जरिए लोगों तक सरकारी सेवाएं पहुंचाने के समाधान निकालने पर काम करेगी।

7. Controversial Uzbek businessman Gafur Rakhimov was elected president of the International Boxing Association (AIBA).

उज्बेकिस्तान के विवादास्पद व्यवसायी गाफूर राखिमोव को अंतरराष्ट्रीय मुक्केबाजी संघ का अध्यक्ष चुना गया।
8. India and Zimbabwe have signed six agreements, including on mining, Information and communications technology (ICT), visa waiver and traditional medicine.

भारत और जिम्बाब्वे ने खनन, सूचना और संचार प्रौद्योगिकी (आईसीटी), वीजा छूट और पारंपरिक चिकित्सा सहित छह समझौतों पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं ।

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Vocab 6 November

ILLUSTRIOUS (ADJECTIVE): (प्रसिद्ध) famous

Synonyms: esteemed, eminent

Antonyms: insignificant, unimportant

Example Sentence:

Number of illustrious players have lead this team.

2. YEARNING (NOUN): (इच्छा) desire

Synonyms: aspiration, craving

Antonyms: apathy, disinterest

Example Sentence:

His success satisfied his yearning.

3. INCUR (VERB): (अपने उपर लेना/उठाना) bring upon oneself

Synonyms: obtain, acquire

Antonyms: forfeit, lose

Example Sentence:

Suneet incurred the wrath of the gods.

4. GUSHING (ADJECTIVE): (फुहार छोड़ती हुई) flowing

Synonyms: spouting, pouring out

Antonyms: stagnant, frozen

Example Sentence:

The gushing river, flooded the fields.

5. BERATE (VERB): (धमकाना) admonish

Synonyms: castigate, reprimand

Antonyms: laud, applaud

Example Sentence:

We must berate such journalists who live in our nation and work for our enemies.

6. DEARTH (NOUN): (कमी) scarcity

Synonyms: paucity, meagerness

Antonyms: adequacy, abundance

Example Sentence: The dearth of resources forced the company to shut down.

7. EXTENSIVELY (ADVERB): (दूर तक) widely

Synonyms: broadly, greatly

Antonyms: minutely, marginally

Example Sentence:

The scheme extensively benefitted the masses.

8. COINCIDE (VERB): (सहमत होना) go along with

Synonyms: concur, harmonize

Antonyms: deviate, dissent

Example Sentence:

We can coincide with our competitors.

9. PSEUDONYM (NOUN): (उपनाम) false name

Synonyms: anonym, alias

Antonyms: real name, authentic name

Example Sentence:

He used a pseudonym for himself.

10. VANITY (NOUN): (घमंड) egotism

Synonyms: conceitedness, ostentation

Antonyms: humility, modesty

Example Sentence:

He displays vanity.

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Vocab 5 november

RECONNOITER (VERB): (खोजना) to survey a place or situation for planning purposes

Synonyms: inspect, examine

Antonyms: ignore, overlook

Example Sentence:

One should constantly reconnoiter one’s enemy’s movements.

2. RANKLE (VERB): (खिजाना/चिढ़ाना) to cause bitterness or irritation

Synonyms: annoy, embitter

Antonyms: comfort, pacify

Example Sentence:

Sarika was rankled by his assertion.

3. AKIN (ADJECTIVE): (समान) similar in nature

Synonyms: analogous, comparable

Antonyms: dissimilar, unlike

Example Sentence:

Something akin to gratitude overwhelmed her.

4. SNITCH (VERB): (प्रकट करना) reveal

Synonyms: divulge, evince

Antonyms: conceal, suppress

Example Sentence:

Today Akshima is going to snitch her secret.

5. CONCORD (NOUN): (समझौता) a state of accord or agreement

Synonyms: unanimity, harmony

Antonyms: disagreement, agitation

Example sentence:

The two countries signed a pact of peace and concord.

6. BRUSQUE (ADJECTIVE): (बेअदब) blunt in manner or harsh speech

Synonyms: gruff, discourteous

Antonyms: polite, kind

Example Sentence:

His child is brusque and impatient.

7. FRACAS (NOUN): (दंगा/कोलाहल) a noisy disagreement

Synonyms: commotion, disturbance

Antonyms: agreement, harmony

Example Sentence:

The students were suspended from the class when they started a fracas.

8. FIAT (NOUN): (आज्ञाप्ति) order

Synonyms: command, dictum

Antonyms: opposition, denial

Example Sentence:

The CM’s latest fiat prohibits the chewing of tobacco in office.

9. ENNUI (NOUN): (थकान) boredom

Synonyms: tedium, languor

Antonyms: excitement, liveliness

Example Sentence:

Eaten up by ennui at his workplace, he decided to go on a vacation.

10. EFFIGY (NOUN): (पुतला) dummy

Synonyms: statue, figure

Antonyms: entity, being

Example Sentence:

The fringe set fire to an effigy of the director.

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Vocab 4 november

1. ARCHAIC (ADJECTIVE): (प्राचीन) old and no longer useful

Synonyms: primitive, old-fashioned

Antonyms: modern, up-to-date

Example Sentence:

In comparison to portable laptop typewriters are archaic.

2. HUSTLER (NOUN): (अपराधी व्यक्ति) criminal

Synonyms: desperado, felon

Antonyms: police, law

Example Sentence:

He is the denounced hustler of this locality.

3. ASTRAY (ADVERB): (गुमराह, भूला-भटका) afield

Synonyms: adrift, off target

Antonyms: stable, anchored

Example Sentence:

The gunman claimed that the shots had gone astray.

4. DESPOTISM (NOUN): (तानाशाही) absolute power

Synonyms: autocracy, dictatorship

Antonyms: democracy, equalitarianism

Example Sentence:

After their generations living under despotism, citizens were happy to see a kind emperor.

5. HOODWINK (VERB): (छलना) to deceive someone

Synonyms: mislead, swindle

Antonyms: support, safeguard

Example Sentence:

Insurance deals often hoodwink customers by making hollow promises.

6. DAINTY (ADJECTIVE): (सूक्ष्म) delicately small and pretty

Synonyms: petite, cute

Antonyms: ugly, repulsive

Example Sentence:

The puppy’s dainty nose looked very cute, convincing everybody’s to love it.

7. ABLUTION (NOUN): (स्नान, मज्जन) the act of washing

Synonyms: cleansing, decontamination

Antonyms: contamination, pollution

Example Sentence:

Mina performed the ablution of the wound and applied some disinfectant to avoid further infection.

8. AMBLE (VERB): (टहलना) to walk casually

Synonyms: stroll, wander

Antonyms: rush, dash

Example Sentence:

Rashmi rather ambled through the halls than attend the session.

9. COVET (VERB): (ललचाना) to greatly desire something you lack

Synonyms: crave, fancy to

Antonyms: abjure, hate

Example Sentence:

Vikram tends to covet quality time with his family.

10. SWAMP (NOUN): (कीचड़) quagmire

Synonyms: marshland, lowland

Antonyms: clean land, clear

Example Sentence:

This area is full of swamp so it smells fouls all the time.

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Current affairs 2 November

India has been ranked 77th in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index 2018.

वर्ल्ड बैंक की ईज़ ऑफ़ डूइंग बिज़नेस इंडेक्स 2018 में भारत को 77 वें स्थान पर रखा गया है।

2. IPS officer Surjeet Singh Deswal took over as the new Director General (DG) of border guarding force Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

आईपीएस अधिकारी सुरजीत सिंह देसवाल को भारतीय तिब्बत सीमा पुलिस (आईटीबीपी) का महानिदेशक नियुक्त किया गया।

3. Former Uttar Pradesh cabinet minister and senior leader of National Lok Dal, Nawab Kokab Hameed passed away. He was 66.

उत्तर प्रदेश के पूर्व कैबिनेट मंत्री ���वं राष्ट्रीय लोक दल के वरिष्ठ नेता नवाब कौकब हमीद का निधन हो गया। वह 66 वर्ष के थे।

4. Seychelles has launched the world’s first Sovereign Blue Bond to support sustainable marine and fisheries projects.

सेशेल्स ने टिकाऊ समुद्री और मत्स्य पालन परियोजनाओं का समर्थन करने के लिए विश्व का पहला सोव्रेन ब्लू बांड शुरू किया है।

5. The Union Cabinet has approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Korea for strengthening cooperation in the field of Tourism.

केंद्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने पर्यटन के क्षेत्र में सहयोग को मजबूत बनाने के लिए भारत और कोरिया के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन (एमओयू) पर हस्ताक्षर करने को मंजूरी दे दी है।

6. 5th National Summit on Public Health Care was held at Kaziranga in Assam.

जन स्वास्थ्य परिचर्या पर 5वां राष्ट्रीय शिखर सम्मेलन का आयोजन असम के काजीरंगा में हुआ।

7. World’s largest airport terminal “under one roof” with a capacity to serve 90 million passengers is officially opened in Istanbul, Turkey.

तुर्की के इस्तांबुल में 90 मिलियन यात्रियों की सेवा करने की क्षमता के साथ “अंडर वन रूफ” विश्व का सबसे बड़ा हवाई अड्डा टर्मिनल आधिकारिक तौर पर खोला गया है।

8. State Bank of India (SBI) and Hitachi Payment Services India has entered into an agreement to form a joint venture for establishing a card acceptance and digital payment platform.

भारतीय स्टेट बैंक (एसबीआई) और हिताची पेमेंट सर्विसेज इंडिया ने एक कार्ड स्वीकृति और डिजिटल पेमेंट प्लेटफॉर्म स्थापित करने के लिए एक संयुक्त उद्यम बनाने के लिए एक समझौते में प्रवेश किया है ।

9. Indian Institute of Management Lucknow (IIM-L) Director, Professor Ajit Prasad Died. He was 61.

भारतीय प्रबंधन संस्थान-लखनऊ (आईआईएम-एल) के निदेशक प्रोफेसर अजीत प्रसाद का निधन हो गया। वह 61 वर्ष के थे।

10. The Union Cabinet has approved the Agreement between India and Morocco on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

केंद्रीय मंत्रिमंडल ने आपराधिक मामलों में पारस्परिक कानूनी सहायता पर भारत और मोरक्को के बीच समझौते को मंजूरी दे दी है।

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